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Yale Energy Sciences Institute: Field and Surface Directed Self-Assembly in Nanostructured Soft-Materials – Approaches for Developing Functional Materials
November 4, 2015 @ 3:00 pm - 5:00 pm EST
Wednesday, November 4, 3:00 PM
West Campus Conference Center Auditorium (800 West Campus Drive)
Refreshments will be served
CHINEDUM OSUJI, Associate Professor of Chemical & Environmental Engineering
Field and Surface Directed Self-Assembly in Nanostructured Soft Materials – Approaches for Developing Functional Material
Self-assembly of block copolymers and small molecule surfactants gives rise to a rich phase behavior as a function of temperature, composition, and other variables. The ability to precisely control their chemical functionality combined with the readily tunable characteristic length scales (-1-100 nm) of their self-assembled mesophases identifies these systems as a versatile and attractive class of materials. This talk will highlight recent advances in scalable approaches for directing the assembly of soft nanostructured materials, and novel routes for generating highly ordered soft heterostructures. First, we consider the directed self-assembly of such soft mesophases using magnetic fields, principally through the use of in situ x-ray scattering studies. Field alignment is predicated on a sufficiently large product of magnetic anisotropy and grain size to produce magnetostatic interactions which are substantial relative to thermal forces. We examine the role of field strength on the thermodynamics and alignment dynamics of a series of soft mesophases. The ability to produce highly ordered functional materials over macroscopic length scales is demonstrated and we explore the role of alignment and connectivity in controlling anisotropic ionic transport in nanostructured systems. Second, we examine electrospray deposition as a novel tool to generate well-ordered block copolymer thin films in a manner inspired by physical vapor deposition processes used in hard materials. The success of the method relies on slow deposition of sub-attoliter quantities of material delivered in sub-micron droplets produced by electrospray atomization. We demonstrate the ability to continuously deposit thin films with controlled orientation of microstructure, and to assemble heterostructures through sequential depositions of materials.